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MICHELLE MULET NICHOLLS
Ms. Nicholls is a project manager with over 10 years of diverse experience in environmental program design and implementation. She works with municipalities and private industry in a variety of solid waste management elements, including policy-making, strategic planning, feasibility studies, program development and support, economic analysis, forecasting, and public involvement.
Her project portfolio encompasses many aspects of sustainable program development, including diversion program analysis and planning; system-wide solid waste management and financial plans; technical assistance and compliance; program design, implementation, and monitoring; waste characterization studies; waste generation analysis and projections; financial analysis of solid waste services; disposal alternatives analysis; and stakeholder collaboration.
She is regularly called upon to analyze disposal and diversion data, and has a keen understanding of the methodologies utilized to quantify source reduction and recycling practices. By considering the most efficient use of resources to maximize waste diversion, she has provided clients with practical reviews, analysis, and recommendations so that clients’ systems are stable and sustainable.
Ms. Nicholls’ specific project experience includes:
INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANNING
Project Manager, Commercial Waste Assessments and Technical Assistance, City of Irvine, CA. This multi-year project includes zero waste program evaluation (food and polystyrene), zero waste strategic plans, hauler franchise audits, onsite waste assessments, estimation of existing disposal and diversion, identifying and recommending potential diversion programs, technical assistance and follow-up to continue promoting waste reduction activities, identification of statewide waste reduction award candidates, working with schools and large venues and events to implement and monitor waste diversion programs, outreach to the business community, support for City’s efforts in the Cans for Cash citywide recycling challenge, and support for construction and demolition debris recycling programs, including the Orange County Great Park.
Project Manager, AB939 and Used Oil Grant Support, City of Rancho Palos Verdes. Provided annual solid waste management services under on-call contract. Tasks have included grant management and planning, AB939 compliance, rate adjustment reviews, diversion planning, construction and demolition (C&D) debris policy development, oversight of commercial C&D recycling projects, large events recycling compliance, solid waste regulatory compliance, public outreach and education, attendance at JPA meeting on client’s behalf, providing legislative updates, and analysis of mandatory commercial recycling regulations.
Waste Generation Studies, Various California Clients. Completed waste generation studies for the jurisdictions of: Commerce, Baldwin Park, Fontana, County of Los Angeles, Ontario, County of Orange, Rolling Hills, Santa Clarita, Los Angeles, and the West Contra Costa Integrated Waste Management Authority for submittal to CalRecycle (formerly the California Integrated Waste Management Board). These studies included residential surveys for quantification of source reduction activities, non-residential waste assessments, analysis of Disposal Reporting System data, surveys of recycling facilities, construction and demolition recycling facilities, and greenwaste processing facilities, as well as hauler disposal and diversion information. These studies also identified diversion opportunities for each jurisdiction. In support of these studies, preparation of CalRecycle-required documentation was also completed.
Project Manager, Commercial Waste Assessments for Businesses in Hamilton County,
OH. This project included onsite waste assessments, estimation of existing
disposal and diversion, identifying and recommending potential diversion
programs, and technical assistance and follow-up to continue promoting waste
Design of Public Outreach and Education Items, Various California Clients. In support of waste reduction and diversion programs, designed a variety of public outreach and education items, including: a new Recycling Guide for the Cities of Baldwin Park, Lakewood, and Rancho Palos Verdes; informational brochures for the City of Lakewood; promotional and event flyers for the Cities of Inglewood, Santa Clarita, and Irvine; street banners for the City of Lakewood; truck signs for the Cities of Lakewood and South Gate; posters for the Cow Palace of San Francisco and City of Santa Clarita; bill inserts for the City of Inglewood; calendar magnets for the City of Lakewood; doorhangers for the Cities of Baldwin Park, Inglewood, and Lakewood; artwork for promotional items for the Cities of Baldwin Park, El Pueblo de Los Angeles, Lakewood, Rancho Palos Verdes, and Santa Clarita; large venue and special event information sheets for the Cities of Rancho Palos Verdes and the Rose Bowl; and brochures regarding the Cities of Pasadena and Long Beach’s construction and demolition debris recycling ordinance. Samples of these items can be found at www.scsengineers.com/samples.html.
Project Manager, New Base Year Study, County of Los Angeles, CA. Prepared two distinct base year studies for the County Unincorporated Areas (CUA). The purpose and objectives of the new base year studies were to comply with state-mandated waste diversion goals and were completed. A waste characterization study was also completed to determine the composition of disposed waste in order to implement enhanced recycling and other waste diversion programs. Elements of the studies included Residential Greenwaste, Thrift Goods, Contract and Permitted Haulers, Christmas Tree Diversion Program, CRV Redemption Totals, Business Audits, Transfer Stations and MRFs, Special Waste, Food Services, Non-County Government Offices and Schools, Commercial Greenwaste, Construction and Demolition Materials, and Waste Characterization Study.
Project Manager, SRRE Update, City of Fontana, CA. Using data gathered for the City’s base year study, the City asked SCS to update its Source Reduction and Recycling Element. This document is the planning document by which compliance with AB939 is measured. Tasks for this project include characterization of disposal and existing diversion activities, evaluation method used to determine program efficacy, identification of new or expanded diversion programs, projection of disposal capacity, identification of projected costs and revenue sources, and identification of market development activities.
Project Manager, Solid Waste Management Programs Review, City of Fontana, CA. This project reviewed the City’s existing waste diversion programs in order to evaluate the contribution of each program to the existing diversion rate. Based on that evaluation, enhancements were identified to increase the efficacy of existing programs, as well as recommendations for new programs that will help the City exceed state-mandated waste diversion goals.
Project Manager, Five-Year Diversion Plan, City of Carlsbad, CA. This project established internal waste diversion goals for the City through 2008. Project work included review of existing solid waste management activities in the City, as well as existing and projected demographics for the City; review of available data on disposal and diversion totals; estimation of the types and percentages of wastes presently diverted and disposed; establishment of 5-year diversion objectives by estimating the City’s diversion rate if no new programs were introduced; estimation of effects on diversion rate from enhancements to existing programs; and estimation of diversion rate impacts from new programs.
Project Manager, Integrated Waste Management Plan Update, County of Orange, CA. Work included review of each city’s annual report for program implementation, analysis of AB939 compliance by each city and the county as a whole, diversion rate trends, changes in disposal capacity, review of current market conditions for recyclable materials, and overall synopsis of the County’s progress in meeting diversion goals.
Project Manager, Solid Waste Management Plan, Town of Friday Harbor, WA. This Plan is being prepared for the first time, at the Town’s request. The Plan will provide the Town with a planning and implementation tool for decision makers, businesses and residents within the Town. Developing the Plan includes establishing goals and objectives; identifying, collecting, and analyzing data pertinent to the existing waste stream and waste management system; identifying new or revised program elements, including Moderate Risk Waste and Electronics Waste; Waste-to-Energy alternatives; discussion and selection of the highest ranking program alternatives within the plan; and economic forecasts of the options selected for inclusion in the Plan.
Project Manager, Solid Waste Management Plan Update, Kittitas County, WA. This Plan Update was prepared to reflect the changes in the solid waste management programs and policies in the County since adoption of the last Update in 2002 (also completed by SCS). The Plan Update provides a planning and implementation tool for decision makers, businesses and residents within the County. The Plan Update also addresses the changing standards and requirements of state Solid Waste Regulations. The Plan Update includes developing a methodology for evaluating and revising the existing solid waste management plan; identifying, collecting, and analyzing data pertinent to the existing waste stream and waste management system; identifying new or revised program elements, including Moderate Risk Waste and Electronics Waste; Waste-to-Energy alternatives; discussion and selection of the highest ranking program alternatives within the plan; and economic forecasts of the options selected for inclusion in the Plan.
Solid Waste Management Plans, Various Clients. Provided technical and
administrative assistance in preparation of comprehensive plans for the counties
of Benton, Kittitas, Mason, Spokane, and Lincoln in Washington and Flathead
County, Montana. Elements of these plans include collaboration with
decision-makers, stakeholders, and regulators, goal-setting and plan objectives,
documentation of existing waste management policies and programs, estimate
growth for the client’s service area and establish baseline projections, develop
a number of management options for review and consideration and establish of a
scoring mechanism by which each can rank their preferences, incorporate
preferred programs into a draft plan, evaluate the effectiveness of the plan as
it relates to stated goals and objectives, and finalize the plan, and prepare
SEPA checklist and WUTC Assessment (WA plans).
WASTE CHARACTERIZATION AND GREEN ENERGY STUDIES
Project Manager, Evaluation of Gasification Technology, Confidential Client. This study encompassed a technical and financial review of a specific gasification technology, including: advantages/disadvantages; challenges; feedstock, residuals, and end markets; analysis of Pro Forma model; and recommendations for commercialization. The results of the study will be used by the client to evaluate specific projects for development and to secure project financing.
Project Manager, Waste Characterization Study, Confidential Theme Park Operator. This study was designed to provide the client with expert assistance in achieving the site’s high diversion and zero waste goals. The first step in achieving those goals was through a waste characterization and generation study to provide a review of the current solid waste management system and estimate its efficiency, identify opportunities for new or expanded programs, cost/benefit analysis of new or expanded programs and estimate of future diversion rates, and provide recommendations for how client can meet its diversion goals in the near- and long-term through waste minimization and recycling strategies.
Project Manager, Evaluation of Autoclave Technology, The McKinney Group, CA. This study encompassed a technical and financial review of autoclaving as a recycling technology, including: advantages/disadvantages; challenges; feedstock, residuals, and end markets; safety aspects; development of three Pro Forma models; and Net Present Value and Internal Rate of Return analysis. The results of the study will be used by the client to evaluate specific projects for development.
Due Diligence Review for Landfill Gas to Energy Project, Confidential Client. Prepared an analysis of the landfill’s waste projections for a proposed landfill gas to energy project. Tasks included preparation of historical and projected future waste disposal estimates; impact of organic waste diversion programs on landfill gas generation rates, analysis of the solid waste market in the region to assess future disposal quantities at the landfill based on certain market conditions, variables and regulatory initiatives. The market analysis included consideration of existing collection, transfer, and disposal facilities, regional solid waste management plans, and potential diversion of organics from the landfill. Four tonnage scenarios were developed, with two variations -- time-certain site closure or site closure when maximum volume/elevation is reached. The information provided assisted the client in preparing pro forma pro forma modeling.
Project Manager, Waste Characterization and WTE Facility Feasibility Study, American Samoa Power Authority, AS. This project entailed conducting a waste composition study to quantify and characterize the waste stream composition of waste disposed at the local landfill for use in the future design, construction, and operation of a waste-to-energy power generation (WTE) facility. The results of this study formed a baseline of the existing waste characteristics of the island and the data were used to identify the potential WTE facility options, including the type of processing facility, facility costs, and energy generation.
Project Manager, Waste Characterization Study, Santa Barbara County, CA. The results of this study were used by the client to prepare a request for proposals that will evaluate and select a technology that will be used for energy production with municipal solid waste as the feedstock. This study included a Btu analysis of material currently being disposed at the local landfill so that the appropriate technology can be used in the future.
Project Manager, Waste Composition Study, Stanislaus County, CA. Two studies were conducted for this client. The first study was designed to conduct a waste analysis and materials recovery facility (MRF) assessment at the Fink Road Landfill for the purposes of determining the feasibility of a MRF processing facility at the landfill site. Project work included review of scalehouse data to determine sampling plan, establishment of sampling frequency to obtain sufficient samples from select wastesheds, hand-sorting of samples for 6 material classes and 18 material types typically recovered at a MRF, analysis of composition data, estimates of recyclables that could be recovered at the proposed MRF, marketability and potential revenue of estimated recoverable commodities, and recommendations on the viability of a MRF at the landfill site.
The objectives of the second study were to determine the composition of disposed waste from residential, commercial, and self-haul accounts within select wastesheds, and establish the prevalence of recoverable materials; determine the composition of disposed waste from transfer loads delivered to the landfill and co-located waste-to-energy facility area transfer stations, perform a market analysis to estimate current and potential markets for recovered materials if a mixed waste MRF were built on the landfill site (considering market impact due to landfill bans), and calculate the potential value of recyclables diverted from the waste stream if a mixed waste MRF were built on the landfill site. The revenue analysis included current and potential markets, based on the results of the waste characterization study.
Project Manager, Quarterly Waste Composition Studies (Waste Sorts), Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County’s Downey MRF, Downey, CA. These studies were conducted to determine the quantities and percentages of recyclable material found in residential recycling loads to determine diversion percentages for client jurisdictions. In addition, waste sorts were conducted to determine the recycling potential of select commercial accounts. Waste sorts were also conducted to determine the quantity and percentages of residual wastes from the facility’s sorting line.
Project Manager, Waste Composition Study, University of California, Irvine. The study was conducted for the purpose of determining the feasibility of expanded recycling and composting programs targeted to increase solid waste diversion from select generator groups.
Project Manager, Waste Characterization Study, Athens Services, CA. This study was conducted to calculate the overall recycling rate of the multi-family waste stream for purposes of complying with a city hauler ordinance. Additional work was completed for this client to determine the efficiency of the facility’s sorting line.
Project Manager, Rate Review, City of Rancho Palos Verdes, CA. Each year the City’s franchised haulers submit a request for a rate adjustment to the residential and commercial collection fees. Tasks for this project included reviewing the adjustment method proposed by the haulers, collection expenditures reported by the haulers, the reasonableness of the request, and recommended changes to new fee schedule.
Project Manager, Rate Review and Financial Analysis of new Collection System, City of Lakewood, CA. As the City’s on-site recycling coordinator from 2001-2008, reviewed proposed annual rate increases and recommend modifications to the proposed rates. Also included in this review was the evaluation of rebates paid to the City to ensure that the City received all funds due.
As part of the City’s evaluation of proposed changes to its collection contract, provided a review of the proposed changes, including review of the hauler’s proposal, evaluate the reasonableness of fees and rates proposed, recommend revisions, and using the customized 10-year financial model run multiple “what-if” scenarios in order to determine the optimal outcome for the City. Also included in this analysis was the estimated impact to the City’s diversion rate and per capita disposal equivalent rate, based on the financial model and the various scenarios.
Landfill Rate Model Analysis, City of Anaheim, CA. Assisted in the preparation of a due diligence review of the calculations and assumptions that supported the county’s proposed new tipping fees. Tasks included identifying and advising decision makers about any facts or issues that may enable the cities to constructively negotiate contract terms or contract rates that are more favorable to the cities and assisted the cities in analyzing the relative merits of the alternative fee structures.
Project Manager, E-Waste Regulation Compliance Support, eRecology. Under contract to Recology, SCS worked with the executive team to develop a new e-waste recycling facility in Oroville, CA. Tasks include compliance with SB20/50 and DTSC, development of operating and reporting procedures, document control, site layout, integration with PC Scale, staff training, and permitting support. With SCS’s assistance, eRecology passed its initial inspection with DTSC and was able to commence operations in December 2010.
Designed E-Waste Collection Events, Various California Clients. Clients include the Cities of Inglewood, Rancho Palos Verdes, and Lakewood. Program design elements include obtaining event sponsors and volunteers, recycling vendor selection, site evaluation and selection, site logistics for event day, participant survey design, public outreach and media contact, and post-event reports.
Support for Used Oil Recycling Programs, Various California Clients. Clients include the Cities of Inglewood, Santa Clarita, Lakewood, Rancho Palos Verdes, and Baldwin Park. Duties include preparation of annual reports, collection center site visits, preparation of grant funding documents and fund management, creating public outreach and education materials to promote programs, staff community events promoting oil recycling, and establishing oil filter collection events with a local retailer.
LEED Certification Services, Various California Clients. SCS has participated in several important sustainable building projects in conjunction with property management services of California developers. Tasks include review of building’s solid waste management plan, conducting a waste audit, waste characterization study oversight, program evaluation and recommendations, bid solicitation for equipment and waste and recycling service providers, program implementation, and monthly tracking and program monitoring, and preparation of the Materials and Resources section of LEED certification application.
Created Ordinances and Documentation in Support of Construction and Demolition (C&D) Diversion Ordinances, Various California Clients. Clients include the Cities of Baldwin Park, Commerce, Irvine, Lakewood, and Long Beach. Project work has included preparation of ordinance language, staff reports, compliance forms, outreach documents, and review of pre-project waste generation estimates, plans, and post-project waste generation summaries.
Waste Reduction Policies for Construction and Demolition Activities and Large Venues and Events, Sonoma County Waste Management Authority, CA. Based on the results of a member survey, prepared model C&D and venue and events waste reduction policies to be adopted by the SCWMA and the eleven member agencies.
Project Manager, Preparation of a Diaper Recycling Program Feasibility Study, City of Santa Clarita, CA. The study was conducted to determine the potential for a diaper recycling program within the City to help achieve their waste diversion goals. This comprehensive study reviewed the available technology, start-up and operations / maintenance costs, collection and processing methodology, recyclable and waste materials, demographics, and fees and charges associated with the program, including potential disposal avoidance.
PERMITTING AND COMPLIANCE
Project Manager, Detailed Composting Facility Operations Plan, Pacific Waste Solutions, CA. This operations and materials management plan was prepared for new indoor solid waste facility to accept and compost greenwaste in windrows and some food waste in digesters. The final document will be a combination of a Report of Composting Site Information and a Facility Plan.
Preparation of Solid Waste Permitting Documents, Various California Clients. On behalf of our clients, prepared permitting and compliance documents such as a Facility Plan for an inert recycling site (City of Glendale), C&D processing facility that was expanding for public use (IRS Demo), site plan for C&D recycling facilities (Downtown Diversion), Environmental Management Plan for a composting facility (Redwood Landfill), Closure Plan and Cost Estimates for appliance recycling facility (Highway 70 Recycling), Facility Plan and Cover Maintenance Plan for Limited Volume Transfer Operations (City of Lakewood).
Project Staff, Solid Waste Feasibility Study, Imperial County, CA. Work included preparation of solid waste and recycling infrastructure requirements projections for 5-, 10-, and 25-year projections, with service demand, program, and funding options.
LARGE VENUE AND SPECIAL EVENTS RECYCLING PROGRAMS
Design and Monitoring of Programs, Various Clients. Through grant funded programs, developed and administered recycling programs for large venues and special events, including the City of Pasadena (Rose Bowl), Environmental Event Management Group (Infineon Raceway), City of Oxnard (Strawberry Festival), Cow Palace, City of West Hollywood (Pride Festival), City and County of San Francisco (War Memorial), City of Los Angeles (El Pueblo), Music Center of Los Angeles County, and Solid Waste Authority of Central Ohio (Ohio Expo Center). Tasks include development of waste characterization protocols, equipment recommendations, service provider contracting, public education and outreach, program monitoring, and reporting.
PRESENTATIONS AND PUBLICATIONS
Case Studies and Why Independent Reviews are Important to CT Projects, presented at Waste Conversion Congress, December 2011. Presented overview of four SCS case studies of various conversion technology projects and information on why independent reviews are important when evaluating potential projects.
Case Study of Successful Solid Waste Management Program - City of Irvine, presented at Waste Expo, May 2011. Presented overview of Irvine’s many solid waste management programs and plans for new and expanded diversion programs.
Developing a 21st Century Waste-to-Energy Facility in American Samoa, presented at 5th International Marine Debris Conference, March 2011. Presented overview of waste characterization and WTE feasibility study.
Developing a 21st Century Waste-to-Energy Facility in American Samoa, presented at Global Waste Management Symposium, October 2010. Presented overview of waste characterization and WTE feasibility study.
Developing a 21st Century Waste-to-Energy Facility in American Samoa, presented at SWANA Northwest Symposium, May 2010. Presented overview of waste characterization and WTE feasibility study.
Developing a 21st Century Waste-to-Energy Facility in American Samoa, presented at SWANA Western Regional Symposium, April 2010. Presented overview of waste characterization and WTE feasibility study.
Solid Waste Management Trends in 2010, published in APWA Reporter, March 2010. Presented trends, including declines in waste tonnage, recycling markets, zero waste initiatives, GHG regulations, experimentation with fuel mixes, hybrid collection vehicles, and waste-to-energy and alternative thermal treatment.
Developing a 21st Century Waste-to-Energy Facility in American Samoa, presented at the 25th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, March 2010. Presented overview of waste characterization and WTE feasibility study.
WTE in American Samoa – Developing and Planning a Plant, published in Waste Management World, November-December 2009. Presented summary of waste characterization and waste-to-energy feasibility study.
Special Waste and the Greening of Society, published in MSW Management, Elements 2010. Presented assessment of near-future changes to special waste management programs.
Crystal Ball Predictions for Special Waste Markets, presented at SWANA Western Regional Symposium, April 2009. Presented overview of drivers that will impact management of special wastes, the current “greenwashing” of society, and the role of extended producer responsibility. The presentation focused on e-waste, pharmaceuticals, sharps, batteries, and fluorescent lights.
Global Impacts of American Electronics Recycling Laws, presented at 24th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, March 2009. Presented overview of e-waste import/export to developing countries, examples of “good” and “bad” e-waste export, review of American state e-waste laws and federal initiatives, and the role of extended producer responsibility. The presentation also discussed American infrastructure limitations, making e-waste less toxic, and options for municipalities, consumers, manufacturers, retailers, and developing nations.
After Two Years…How Do
California’s E-Waste Regulations Measure Up?, presented at APWA Congress, August
2008. Presented overview of California’s landmark e-waste laws, a look to the
future of e-waste recycling in California, and a review of e-waste legislation
throughout the country, the approaches other states are taking, and the role
other stakeholders are taking in proper e-waste management efforts.
Trends in Sharps Management, presented at SWANA Recycling and Special Waste Conference, February 2008. Review of the issues, effects, legislation, pilot programs, and the future of Sharps management.
Solid Waste 101 – Technologies, presented at Southern California Waste Management Forum Annual Conference, November 2007. Review of collection, processing, composting, disposal, and other technology and equipment used in the solid waste industry.
E-Waste Issues session facilitator, SWANA WasteCon, October 2007. Developed 10 talking points about the laws and issues relating to e-waste management and lead discussions about those points. Each point was introduced with point/counterpoint that spurred conversation about each topic.
E-Waste: Manufacturers Stepping Up, published in Waste News, June 2007. Published in the Opinion section, this article noted the commitments made by states and local communities, manufacturers, and retailers to manage e-waste in advance of a federal solution. Because there is currently a patchwork of laws, some have called for a federal law that all states would have to comply with. The article concludes by suggesting manufacturers and retailers work together to assist local governments in implementing programs that are not only efficient, but also-cost-effective. Perhaps then the federal government would not need to mandate state e-waste laws or formulate a national law.
Update of E-Waste Regulations and Programs in California and Beyond, presented at SWANA Western Regional Symposium, May 2007. Update on status of California’s landmark e-waste laws, the impact to consumers, result of the regulations, effect on SW planning activities, totals collected through the regulatory structure, a look to the future of e-waste recycling in California, and a review of e-waste legislation throughout the country, the approaches other states are taking, and the role other stakeholders are taking in proper e-waste management efforts.
Reviewing Solid Waste Management Programs: Considerations for Changes in Planning, presented at SWANA Recycling and Special Waste Conference, February 2007. Presented argument in support of conducting comprehensive program reviews that break down a SW management system by sector and program, provides reviews of existing policies and existing public education and outreach, and compares program results to typical results for similar programs, culminating in a set of recommendations that identify sufficient programs, program/policy expansion opportunities, new program/policy implementation, elimination or combination of programs, timelines for implementation, funding estimates for each program, and SW generation projections so a jurisdiction can plan accordingly for future system needs.
Life After California’s E-Waste Recycling Act – the Good, the Bad, and the Business of E-Waste, presented at SWANA WasteCon, September 2006. Presented status of e-waste legislation throughout the country and overview of the California law, its effect on recycling rates, impact to number of stakeholders participating in e-waste recovery programs statewide, projections for future changes to e-waste regulations, and overview of nationwide e-waste survey of jurisdictions.
E-Waste Management: Developing the Best Course of Action, presented with panel at SWANA Recycling and Special Waste Conference, February 2006. Presented with three panelists covering local and state program models, legislative and policy models, international policy, procurement, how e-waste is recycled, certification of recyclers, and review of export issues.
Review of Niche Markets within Solid Waste Industry, presented at Environmental Industry Summit, March 2005. Review of e-waste, construction and demolition, venues and special events, composting, and paint niche diversion challenges and opportunities within the solid waste industry, with an eye on future California legislation.
An Update on California’s E-Waste Regulations and What it Means to Local Jurisdictions in 2005, presented as SWANA E-Session, March 2005. Review of California’s e-waste legislation and the impact to local jurisdiction as law went into effect January 1.
An Update on California’s E-Waste Regulations and What it Means to Local Jurisdictions in 2005, presented at SWANA Chapter Meeting, February 2005. Review of California’s e-waste legislation and the impact to local jurisdiction as law went into effect January 1.
Introduction to E-Waste: The Issues Surrounding this Hot Recycling Topic, presented at SWANA WasteCon and Proceedings, September 2004. Review of e-waste definition, history of e-waste recycling programs, the effect of NEPSI, USEPA, SVTC, and BAN in bringing e-waste to national attention, state responses to “Exporting Harm,” and establishment of partnerships and corporate support.
The Pros and Cons of Having a Contracted Recycling Coordinator, presented at SWANA Western Regional Symposium, May 2004. Provided an overview of the benefits and costs associated with contracting for recycling coordinator responsibilities.
What the Public Sector Expects from Its Private Sector Partners, Presented to Waste Management, Inc. Public Sector Services meeting, September 2004. Provided a jurisdiction’s view of what is expected from their contracted hauler. Topic areas included expectations, partnerships, being proactive, and being the “eyes and ears” in the community.